Dating service red deer

The word "elk" in North American English refers to a completely different species of deer, the Cervus canadensis, also called the wapiti. A mature male moose is called a bull, a mature female a cow, and an immature moose of either sex a calf. The word "elk" originated in Proto-Germanic , from which Old English evolved and has cognates in other Indo-European languages , e. The word "moose" had first entered English by [4] and is borrowed from the Algonquian languages compare the Narragansett moos and Eastern Abenaki mos; according to early sources, these were likely derived from moosu, meaning "he strips off" , [5] and possibly involved forms from multiple languages mutually reinforcing one another.

The youngest bones were found in Scotland and are roughly 3, years old. The British began colonizing America in the 17th century, and found two common species of deer for which they had no names. The wapiti appeared very similar to the red deer of Europe which itself was almost extinct in Southern Britain although it was much larger and was not red. In the early days of American colonization, the wapiti was often called a grey moose and the moose was often called a black moose, but early accounts of the animals varied wildly, adding to the confusion.

Early European explorers in North America, particularly in Virginia where there were no moose, called the wapiti "elk" because of its size and resemblance to familiar-looking deer like the red deer. For a long time neither species had an official name, but were called a variety of things. Eventually, in North America the wapiti became known as an elk while the moose retained its Anglicized Native-American name.

The common light-grey moose, called by the Indians, Wampoose, and the large or black-moose, which is the beast whose horns I herewith present. As to the grey moose, I take it to be no larger than what Mr. John Clayton, in his account of the Virginia Quadrupeds, calls the Elke The black moose is by all that have hitherto writ of it accounted a very large creature The stag, buck, or male of this kind has a palmed horn, not like that of our common or fallow-deer, but the palm is much longer, and more like that of the German elke.

Moose travel among different habitats with the seasons to address these requirements. Moose survive hot weather by accessing shade or cooling wind, or by immersion in cool water.

In hot weather, moose are often found wading or swimming in lakes or ponds. When heat-stressed, moose may fail to adequately forage in summer and may not gain adequate body fat to survive the winter. Also, moose cows may not calve without adequate summer weight gain.

Moose require access to both young forest for browsing and mature forest for shelter and cover. Forest disturbed by fire and logging promotes the growth of fodder for moose. Moose also require access to mineral licks, safe places for calving and aquatic feeding sites. Thus, moose select habitat on the basis of trade-offs between risk of predation, food availability, and snow depth. However, this does not appear to be a problem.

Moose prefer sub-alpine shrublands in early winter, while bison prefer wet sedge valley meadowlands in early-winter. In late-winter, moose prefer river valleys with deciduous forest cover or alpine terrain above the tree line, while bison preferred wet sedge meadowlands or sunny southern grassy slopes. Populations expanded greatly with improved habitat and protection, but for unknown reasons, the moose population is declining rapidly.

This massive range, containing diverse habitats, contains four of the six North American subspecies. In the West, moose populations extend well north into Canada British Columbia and Alberta , and more isolated groups have been verified as far south as the mountains of Utah and Colorado and as far west as the Lake Wenatchee area of the Washington Cascades.

The Native Americans often used moose hides for leather and its meat as an ingredient in pemmican , a type of dried jerky used as a source of sustenance in winter or on long journeys. The historical range of the subspecies extended from well into Quebec, the Maritimes, and Eastern Ontario south to include all of New England finally ending in the very northeastern tip of Pennsylvania in the west, cutting off somewhere near the mouth of the Hudson River in the east.

The moose has been extinct in much of the eastern U. Dutch, French, and British colonial sources all attest to its presence in the mid 17th century from Maine south to areas within a hundred miles of present-day Manhattan.

South of the Canada—US border, Maine has most of the population with a headcount of about 76, moose. In Massachusetts , moose had gone extinct by , but re-colonized the state in the s, with the population expanding from Vermont and New Hampshire; by , the population was estimated at Decline in population Since the s, moose populations have declined dramatically in much of temperate North America, although they remain stable in arctic and subarctic regions.

Moose with heavy tick infections will rub their fur down to the skin raw trying to get the ticks off, making them look white when their outer coat rubs off. Locals call them ghost moose. They are also widespread through Russia on up through the borders with Finland south towards the border with Estonia, Belarus and Ukraine and stretching far away eastwards to the Yenisei River in Siberia.

The European moose was native to most temperate areas with suitable habitat on the continent and even Scotland from the end of the last Ice Age, as Europe had a mix of temperate boreal and deciduous forest.

Up through Classical times, the species was certainly thriving in both Gaul and Magna Germania , as it appears in military and hunting accounts of the age. However, as the Roman era faded into medieval times, the beast slowly disappeared: Farther east, it survived in Alsace and the Netherlands until the 9th century as the marshlands in the latter were drained and the forests were cleared away for feudal lands in the former.

It was gone from Switzerland by the year , gone from the western Czech Republic by , gone from Mecklenburg in Germany by c. By the early 20th century, the very last strongholds of the European moose appeared to be in Fennoscandian areas and patchy tracts of Russia, with a few migrants found in what is now Estonia and Lithuania. The USSR and Poland managed to restore portions of the range within its borders such as the reintroduction into Kampinos National Park and the later reintroduction in Belarus , but political complications limited the ability to reintroduce it to other portions of its range.

Attempts in and again in in marshland north of Berlin were unsuccessful. It has migrated into other parts of Eastern Europe and has been spotted in eastern and southern Germany. Moose populations are relatively stable in Siberia and increasing on the Kamchatka Peninsula. In Mongolia and China, where poaching took a great toll on moose, forcing them to near extinction, they are protected, but enforcement of the policy is weak and demand for traditional medicines derived from deer parts is high.

These moose were brought from Chukotka , home to the largest moose on the planet. Kamchatka now regularly is responsible for the largest trophy moose shot around the world each season.

As it is a fertile environment for moose, with a milder climate, less snow, and an abundance of food, moose quickly bred and settled along the valley of the Kamchatka River and many surrounding regions.

The population in the past 20 years has risen to over 2, animals. The size of the moose varies. There has been extensive searching, and while automated cameras failed to capture photographs, evidence was seen of bedding spots, browsing and antler marks.

There are an estimated , to 1,, moose [58] with , in Newfoundland in descended from just four that were introduced in the s. There are estimated to be around ,, as follows: A wildlife ecologist estimated 50, in New York and New England in , with expansion expected. Wyoming is said to have the largest share in its 6-state region, and its Fish and Game Commission estimated 7, in Michigan estimated in its Upper Peninsula in , [62] Wisconsin Department of Natural Resources 20—40 close to its upper-peninsula border with Michigan in , Minnesota in its northeast in , [63] and under in its northwest in ; [64] North Dakota closed, due to low moose population, one of its moose-hunting geographic units in , and issued single-kill licenses to hunters, each restricted to one of the remaining nine units.

In , there was a summer population of , moose. In , there were a winter population of around , moose. In , a record number of 39, moose were shot. In , there were approximately , moose. Summer population is estimated to be ,—, moose. Around , are shot each fall. No longer present in central and western Europe except for Poland , Lithuania and Belarus , with a certain population in the Czech Republic , Slovakia , and northern Ukraine , but can be observed in Bohemia since the s and a tiny reintroduced population in Scotland , Great Britain , recently sighted in eastern Germany.

Range formerly included France , Switzerland , and Benelux nations. Population increasing and regaining territory. Shoulder height ranges from 1. Mostly found in forests of eastern Russia. The most common moose in Asia. Its ranging goes from the Yenisei River in the west and most of Siberia.

Range excludes the ranges of the Chukotka and Amur moose to the east and Northern Mongolia. Similar in size to the western moose of Canada. Ussurian or Amur moose [77] A. Amur moose are different from other moose in that their antler size is much smaller, or lack any at all. Even adult bulls antlers are small and cervine with little palmation. It is the smallest moose subspecies in Asia and the world, with both males and females standing only 1. Largest moose in Europe and Asia. Matches, and maybe even surpasses, the Alaskan moose A.

Bulls can grow up to 2.


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